Many homeowners protect their homes from water damage with sump pumps for basements.
A simple install would be a hole (a plastic pit with holes drilled in the bottom) in the basement floor that would fill up with water as the ground becomes saturated.
When the water in the hole gets high enough the sump pump turns on automatically, and pushes the water up a discharge pipe that leads out to the downspout or lawn.
Building codes usually require a drain tile (usually a 4″ corrugated plastic pipe – or a clay pipe in older homes) to run around the perimeter of the house’s foundation under the concrete basement floor and to be tied into a sump pit when a house is built.
The drain tile has slits in its walls so that as the ground water rises up under the basement floor, the water seeps into the tile and runs downhill into the pit to be pumped out. When the drain tile is installed, it is buried in a bed of gravel to facilitate the flow of water seeping to the slits, and with fabric covering over the tile to prevent silt from entering the pipe.
Sump pumps for basements are usually equipped with a 1/4 or 1/3 HP motor and come with either a plastic or cast iron housing, the 1/3 HP cast iron pump being the most expensive. Sump pits usually have a loose fitting cover. Sump pumps for basements have a discharge opening of 1 1/4″ or 1 1/2″ and are plumbed with 1 1/2″ PVC pipe.
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